Mental retardation also known as intellectual disability initially develops in a person below 18 years of age where the intellectual functioning is below the normal level when compared to other individuals of same age group.
Features suggestive of mental retardation include- learning difficulty, lack of logical analysis, inability to read or talk, lack of concentration, poor memory, withdrawal or isolation socially, impulsive, depression, aggression, attention seeking, low self-esteem, stubborn, IQ below 70.
Mental retardation can be categorized as mild, moderate or severe based on IQ levels which are calculated as - IQ = MA/CA 100 where MA = MENTAL AGE, CA = CHRONOLOGICAL AGE.
Causative factor for mental retardation- genetic conditions like Down syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome, Fragile X syndrome.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder occurs when there is excessive consumption of alcohol during pregnancy.
Premature birth and diseases like whooping cough, measles or meningitis.
Iodine deficiency, Malnutrition etc are responsible for intellectual disability.
Homeopathic remedies effective in treating mental retardation - Abrotanum, Baryta carb, Calcarea carb, Medorrinum